BASIC STYLES OF THE FURNITURE
the furniture of ancient Egypt
the furniture of ancient Greece
the furniture of ancient Rome
the byzantine furniture
the romance style of the furniture
the Gothic style of the furniture
the furniture of the renaissance
the furniture of the baroque
the furniture of the rococo
the furniture of the classicism
the furniture of the style of late classicism - "empire style"
the furniture of western Europe of the XIX - the XX of century.
the Russian furniture
FURNITURE OF THE STYLE OF BAROQUE (XVII c.)
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For the change to style Renaissance in XVII century arrived the decorative style of baroque. The magnificent dynamic forms of architecture, overloaded by modelling, by painting, by gilding, found their reflection, also, in the furniture. The objects of situation became by very the complex on the form with the abundance of adornments, diverse templates of the cornices, in which they predominated modelling, the beaten columns, which emphasize the fluidity of form in the difference; the calm and sharp lines of style renaissance.
As the subjects of thread and painting serve Cupids, negroes, geniuses, mollusks, griffins, eagles, lions, shells, convoluted tapes, locks of acanthus, arranged into the magnificent, dynamic compositions. They cover furniture predominantly by velvet with the large figure. Material of production furniture- nut and oak. Basic objects of situation - cabinets, bureau- offices, soft armchairs and chairs.
The style of baroque was extended in all countries of Europe, including in France. From the second-half OF THE XVII century France becomes the leading country in the region of skill. The created special department knows by all forms of skill, spreading the ceremonial style, which reflects luxury, wealth and the sublimity of the royal court of Ludovik OF THE XIV and court to znati (style of baroque in France it is called the style of Ludovik OF THE XIV).
The furniture of French baroque arose on the basis of Italian models. A whole series of Italian furniture masters was invited to the royal furniture factory. Artists, who worked on the furniture (Jean lepotr and Blondel), let out albums with the figures of the models of furniture.
Furniture in the style of Ludovik THE XIV call also the furniture of style Boole, on the name of the founder of the firm of the entire generation of court manufacturers and masters Andre- Charles Boole. This furniture is simple on the form, but it is very overloaded by adornments and incrustation, that close by itself entire plane of tree.
Ornamentation was done on the motives of antique Rome with the magnificent acanthaceous locks, the images of military trophies, laurel garlands, swords, etc.
Furniture in the style Boole was disseminated not only in France, but also in other countries for a period of entire XVIII century.
In THE XVII century in the custom appears the chaise lounge - elongated reclining chair, convenient for lying; armchair for the old men with the semicircular protrusions on the back at the level of head; sofas in the form of three fastened armchairs with the general back and the seat.
They cover furniture by the tapestry piece cloth of the specially arranged figure on the form of seats and backs. The figures of gobelins consisted of complex compositions it was color, birds, plants, animals, attributes of music, interwoven by garlands and by tapes.
In the walls of large halls and drawing rooms was placed to the console (special tables) on two legs with the mirror above them. Consoles decorated with strongly shaped and whimsical bent pronozhkami and cartouches. In the beginning OF THE XVIII century began to appear the writing desks, chests of drawers, bureaus with the drawers.
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