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the introduction
hauberk and lamellar armor. X-XI the century
helmet with the the barmitsa. X century. X century
hauberk (schema of production)
armor is scaly. XI century
the splitting weapon
helmets. XI-XIII century
armors from the plates and the scale
warrior. XII century
hauberk. XII-XIII century
the chopping weapon
helmet with the half-mask and barmitsa. XII-XIII century
armor is lamellar. VIII the century
the shields
archer. XIII century
the impact weapon
armors. XIII-XIV century
the banner
arbalest. XIV century
the missile weapon
kolontar'. XIV century
baydana. XV century
kuyak. XVI century
swords and the sabre
yushman. XVI century
chaldar (horse attire). XVI century
the helmets
archer. XVI century
tegilyay. XVI century
bakhterets and tarch. XVI century
zertsalo. XVII century
rynda. XVI-XVII century
ceremonial armors. XVII century
swords and the sabre
Artist Vladimir Semenov.
swords and the sabre

From the cutting and splitting weapon in Russia were disseminated the swords, knives and sabres. Sword consisted of the broad, sharp from two sides band, i.e., blade, and of kryzha - the handle, whose parts were named: apple, cheren and flint. Each flat side of blade was called "golomen'", or "golomya", and point - by "blades". On golomenyakh made one wide or several narrow grooves. Blades were made from steel or iron. Sword was packed into the scabbards, upholstered with the skin or velvet. Scabbards were done from iron and were decorated with gold or silver incisions. Sword hung up to the belt with the aid of two rings, located on the mouth of scabbards.
 
The knives, which were being used by Old-Russian soldiers, were several specific. The short knives with two blades, hooked by hook on the belt, were called "waist". Knives, somewhat longer and wider, than waist, with one convex toward the end blade, were called "podsaydashnymi". These knives hung up to the belt from the left side. Knives with the curved blade, which was called "shlyakom", that were being rushed after the top of a boot of right boot, so were named - "zasapozhnye".
 
In the southern regions of ancient Russia from THE X century already won acceptance the sabre. In the Novgorod earth the sabre entered into the custom later - approximately from THE XIII century. Sabre consisted of strip and handle - "kryzha". The sharp side of sabre had blade and tyl'e. Handle was collected from the flint, cherena and knob, into which through the small opening put through the cord - "sword-knot".
 
A. Yurasovskiy
"Russian armors X-XVII centurys".
Artist Vladimir Semenov.
© depictive skill ". Moscow. 1983

 
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