hauberk and lamellar armor. X-XI the century
helmet with the the barmitsa. X century. X century
hauberk (schema of production)
armor is scaly. XI century
the splitting weapon
helmets. XI-XIII century
armors from the plates and the scale
warrior. XII century
hauberk. XII-XIII century
the chopping weapon
helmet with the half-mask and barmitsa. XII-XIII century
armor is lamellar. VIII the century
archer. XIII century
the impact weapon
armors. XIII-XIV century
arbalest. XIV century
the missile weapon
kolontar'. XIV century
baydana. XV century
kuyak. XVI century
swords and the sabre
yushman. XVI century
chaldar (horse attire). XVI century
archer. XVI century
tegilyay. XVI century
bakhterets and tarch. XVI century
zertsalo. XVII century
rynda. XVI-XVII century
ceremonial armors. XVII century
Artist Vladimir Semenov.
"... Rusichi great of field chremnymi the panels of pregorodisha..." ("word about the regiment of Igor").
The earliest Russian panel (VIII- chi of century), round, which reached fourth of human increase, was convenient for countering of impacts. This panel is oval or funnel- visible in the profile, which strengthened its shielding properties.
For the change to round panel in of XII century comes almond-shaped, that protected rider from the chin to the elbows. The top of panel ever more is rectified in proportion to the improvement of helmet. In of the second quarter XIII century appears triangular panel with the bend, i.e., the two-slope surface panel, which was being tightly forced against body. At the same time the convex trapeziform panels exist. From the end OF THE XIII century enter into custom complex-shaped panels -tarci. covered the breast of rider during the spear rams. In the XIV century the evolution of shielding armament leads to the appearance of panel with the longitudinal chute, which served as the receptacle of hand and facilitated maneuvering by panel in combat. In West Europe such panels, which reached in a height of 130 cm, were called "pavezami".
It is known that the panels of various forms existed in the long period. For example, together with the round could be used trapeziform panels and so forth panels were done from iron, tree, reed, skin. Were most common panels wooden. The center of panel was usually strengthened by metallic navershiyem - "umbonom". Kray panel was called corona, and the space between the corona and navershiyem - border. The back side of panel had a backing, on the hand the panel was retained by tyings - "columns". Painting panel could be most varied, but explicit preference was given to red color for the elongation of entire existence of Russian armors.
"Russian armors X-XVII centurys".
Artist Vladimir Semenov.
© depictive skill ". Moscow. 1983