hauberk and lamellar armor. X-XI the century
helmet with the the barmitsa. X century. X century
hauberk (schema of production)
armor is scaly. XI century
the splitting weapon
helmets. XI-XIII century
armors from the plates and the scale
warrior. XII century
hauberk. XII-XIII century
the chopping weapon
helmet with the half-mask and barmitsa. XII-XIII century
armor is lamellar. VIII the century
archer. XIII century
the impact weapon
armors. XIII-XIV century
arbalest. XIV century
the missile weapon
kolontar'. XIV century
baydana. XV century
kuyak. XVI century
swords and the sabre
yushman. XVI century
chaldar (horse attire). XVI century
archer. XVI century
tegilyay. XVI century
bakhterets and tarch. XVI century
zertsalo. XVII century
rynda. XVI-XVII century
ceremonial armors. XVII century
Artist Vladimir Semenov.
Helmets they were used in Russia beginning from THE X century. Simpler helmets - without the additional shielding parts for face - tightened below by the hoop, which sometimes ornamented. On it were made the openings for barmitsy, i.e., chain armor "necklace" for the protection of neck. From THE XII century the helmets began to be supplied nanosnikom, with cuts for the eyes - by half-mask or by mask. "nose" - this is the spill, which penetrated the opening, which was done in visor or shelf of helmet. "nose" was lowered and rose with the aid of "shchuruptsa". Mask - "mask" - was done for the most part of the fixed, but sometimes and it was fastened with the aid of the hinges and could rise.
In THE XIV century in the written monuments for the first time are encountered the references about the head-gear by the name "helmet". As archaeologists assume, this form of shielding head-gear was extended in Russia in Xii-xiv centuries.
The variety of shielding head-gear was "cap paper". It was done on the cotton from the cloth, the silk or cotton fabrics, was sometimes strengthened by chain armor network and was quilted. The widest use was received in THE XVI century. Misyurkoy - iron cap was called military nagolov'e with the the barmitsey and naushami. Term originates from the Arab word Of "misr" - Egypt. Perhaps, simplest of the helmets was misyurka, which protected only the upper part of the head of soldier. In Russia misyurka is known from THE XIV century.
Yerikhonka - high cap with the corona (the bottom edge of crown of a hat), navershiyem (by upper edge of crown of a hat) and by burdock (metallic adornment) on it. To the corona of erikhonki were fastened the ears, the back of the head also of regiment, through which was passed the "nose" "shchuruptsem". Rich and notable soldiers bore such caps and they finished by their gold, silver, precious stones. All shielding head-gear were put on by soldiers to the caps or the thick backings.
"Russian armors X-XVII centurys".
Artist Vladimir Semenov.
© depictive skill ". Moscow. 1983