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the introduction
hauberk and lamellar armor. X-XI the century
helmet with the the barmitsa. X century. X century
hauberk (schema of production)
armor is scaly. XI century
the splitting weapon
helmets. XI-XIII century
armors from the plates and the scale
warrior. XII century
hauberk. XII-XIII century
the chopping weapon
helmet with the half-mask and barmitsa. XII-XIII century
armor is lamellar. VIII the century
the shields
archer. XIII century
the impact weapon
armors. XIII-XIV century
the banner
arbalest. XIV century
the missile weapon
kolontar'. XIV century
baydana. XV century
kuyak. XVI century
swords and the sabre
yushman. XVI century
chaldar (horse attire). XVI century
the helmets
archer. XVI century
tegilyay. XVI century
bakhterets and tarch. XVI century
zertsalo. XVII century
rynda. XVI-XVII century
ceremonial armors. XVII century
helmets. XI-XIII century
Artist Vladimir Semenov.
helmets. XI-XIII century

By shelom (helmet) - this is military head-gear with the high kolokolovidnoy crown of a hat and the long spire ("navershiyem"). The helmets of dome-like and spheroconical form were disseminated in Russia. Above helmets frequently finished by the bushing, which was sometimes supplied with flag - "yalovtsom". In the early time the helmets were done from several (two or four) parts, riveted between themselves. There are helmets, also, in one part of metal.
 
The need of strengthening the shielding properties of helmet led to the appearance of the krutobokikh dome-shaped helmets nanosnikom or by half-mask, which got down from the forehead to the nose. These parts of the helmet so were called: "nose" and "mask". The neck of soldier concealed the grid, made from the same rings as hauberk - "barmitsa". It was fastened to the helmet from behind and it was lateral. In rich soldiers the helmets were finished by silver and gold, and were sometimes pillar those plate with goldd.
 
Old-Russian legends recall about the helmets in the very poetic form: "let us sit down, bratiye, to our borzi of komoni, ispiyem, bratiye, shelomom by our of water of the rapid Don, ispytyem swords our Damascus steel" ("Zadonshchina").
 
A. Yurasovskiy
"Russian armors X-XVII centurys".
Artist Vladimir Semenov.
© depictive skill ". Moscow. 1983

 
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