orthomol Vital M M Russian armors
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the introduction
hauberk and lamellar armor. X-XI the century
helmet with the the barmitsa. X century. X century
hauberk (schema of production)
armor is scaly. XI century
the splitting weapon
helmets. XI-XIII century
armors from the plates and the scale
warrior. XII century
hauberk. XII-XIII century
the chopping weapon
helmet with the half-mask and barmitsa. XII-XIII century
armor is lamellar. VIII the century
the shields
archer. XIII century
the impact weapon
armors. XIII-XIV century
the banner
arbalest. XIV century
the missile weapon
kolontar'. XIV century
baydana. XV century
kuyak. XVI century
swords and the sabre
yushman. XVI century
chaldar (horse attire). XVI century
the helmets
archer. XVI century
tegilyay. XVI century
bakhterets and tarch. XVI century
zertsalo. XVII century
rynda. XVI-XVII century
ceremonial armors. XVII century
chaldar (horse attire). XVI century
Artist Vladimir Semenov.
chaldar (horse attire). XVI century

Saddles, shabracks and chaldary (horse covers, collected from the metallic plates, sewn on the cloth, that shut croup, sides and breast of horse and had the specific shielding designation) were richly finished by gold, enamels, precious stones. Jenkinson visited Moscow in 1557, he wrote: "their saddles make from the tree and the veins, they are gilded, are decorated with Damascus work and are covered with cloth or morocco". Both ceremonial and combat Russian saddles were characterized by original construction, relying on the back of horse only by saddle regiments: front pommel was high, in the majority of the cases with the inclination forward. Rear pommel is made with lower sloping, in consequence of which it did not trouble turning in the saddle.
 
Baron Sigismund Herberstein, who twice visited Moscow with the diplomatic mission in the beginning OF THE XVI century, so describes horse the decoration of those days, accepted in the Russian troops: "... saddles are fitted out in them with such calculation, that the riders can Beza any labor be turned and to stretch bow... occasion from uzdy in their use long and at the end cut; they tie it to the finger of left hand so that it would be possible to grip the bow and, after stretching it, to start. Although they together and simultaneously hold 8 hands bridle, bow, sabre, arrow and lash however it is deft and Beza any difficulty they know how to use them ".
 
Russian stirrups had two forms in essence: some with the narrow arc and the round base, others - in the form of the bent narrow strip, which is reduced upwards.
 
The construction of Russian harness ideally satisfied the requirements, which were being presented by war time with the nomads, by basic enemy of Moscow state.
 
A. Yurasovskiy
"Russian armors X-XVII centurys".
Artist Vladimir Semenov.
© depictive skill ". Moscow. 1983

 
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