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the introduction
hauberk and lamellar armor. X-XI the century
helmet with the the barmitsa. X century. X century
hauberk (schema of production)
armor is scaly. XI century
the splitting weapon
helmets. XI-XIII century
armors from the plates and the scale
warrior. XII century
hauberk. XII-XIII century
the chopping weapon
helmet with the half-mask and barmitsa. XII-XIII century
armor is lamellar. VIII the century
the shields
archer. XIII century
the impact weapon
armors. XIII-XIV century
the banner
arbalest. XIV century
the missile weapon
kolontar'. XIV century
baydana. XV century
kuyak. XVI century
swords and the sabre
yushman. XVI century
chaldar (horse attire). XVI century
the helmets
archer. XVI century
tegilyay. XVI century
bakhterets and tarch. XVI century
zertsalo. XVII century
rynda. XVI-XVII century
ceremonial armors. XVII century
the banner
Artist Vladimir Semenov.
the banner

"come out regiment... and pod"yasha banner "(Ipat'evskaya chronicle). The value of banner in the Old-Russian armys is enormous. The army was constructed before beginning battle around the banner in the battle formation; when battle was decomposed into a number of the separate hand-to-hand of struggles, banner served for the soldiers as orientator, place of collection, as indicator of progress of combat. If enemy "dosekoshasya to the banner and the banner of podsekosha", this indicated defeat, and this unavoidably followed flight troops. Therefore in the mezhduknyazheskikh wars toward the mastery of princely banner was sent all efforts of the rivals: the fate of banner solved the fate of battle, and around it was developed most severe secha. The emblem of prince initially was weighed on the banner; toward the end OF THE XIV century on the banners they begin to place the means Of iisusa. "... I ordered the sovereign of kherugvi khristian'skye to rozvertiti, to sirech' banner, on them means gentlemen our Iisusa Christ" (Nikonovskaya chronicle about the Kulikovo battle). Approximately at the same time into use comes term - banner ". Both names - "banner" and "banner" to THE XVII century exist in parallel; in THE XVII century the word "banner" no longer is encountered. In THE XVI century the banner was already in each regiment ("large banner"); in hundred, into which were divided the regiments, were "smaller banners".
 
Banners complained by tsar to Donskoy and Zaporozhskiy to army, revealed to the governors for the march and for the service, were sent into Astrakhan to princes by Cherkass. Banners were differed from each other in the merit, symbolizing the degree of the importance of their carrier.
 
A. Yurasovskiy
"Russian armors X-XVII centurys".
Artist Vladimir Semenov.
© depictive skill ". Moscow. 1983

 
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