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the introduction
hauberk and lamellar armor. X-XI the century
helmet with the the barmitsa. X century. X century
hauberk (schema of production)
armor is scaly. XI century
the splitting weapon
helmets. XI-XIII century
armors from the plates and the scale
warrior. XII century
hauberk. XII-XIII century
the chopping weapon
helmet with the half-mask and barmitsa. XII-XIII century
armor is lamellar. VIII the century
the shields
archer. XIII century
the impact weapon
armors. XIII-XIV century
the banner
arbalest. XIV century
the missile weapon
kolontar'. XIV century
baydana. XV century
kuyak. XVI century
swords and the sabre
yushman. XVI century
chaldar (horse attire). XVI century
the helmets
archer. XVI century
tegilyay. XVI century
bakhterets and tarch. XVI century
zertsalo. XVII century
rynda. XVI-XVII century
ceremonial armors. XVII century
armors. XIII-XIV century
Artist Vladimir Semenov.
armors. XIII-XIV century

Beginning from the XIV century in Russia they are encountered armors, in which are mixed up the different types of armors. Armors could be scaly on the hem and lamellar (or annulated) on the breast and the back. Sleeves and hem of hauberk were finished by long tongue-shaped plates. The breast of soldier additionally protected by the large plates, which were put on above the armors. Later, in THE XVI century, they was called name "zertsal", since their smooth metallic plates specially were ground, were polished to the luster, and they were sometimes covered with gold, silver and were engraved. Similar armors cost very dearly, Privates, to soldiers they were inaccessible and we could rush in the field of conflict exclusively by princes, by the governors and by the first-rate boyars.
 
The heavily armed soldier in THE XIV century had in the composition of silent weapon a spear and a sword.
 
In XII-XIII centuries in Russia were used the swords of all it was specific, known at that time in West Europe. Basic types were the so-called "karolingskiye swords" - earlier (its length - 80-90 cm, and the width of blade - 5-6 cm) and "romance", emergent are somewhat later with the the disk-shaped navershiyem. Approximately to the XIII century sword served mainly as the chopping weapon. "Posekosha we throw mercilessly", speaks about it Laurentian chronicle. In the second-half of the XIII century appeared the splitting blade ("To prizvavshe to okontsyu tyuey pronzut and we throw"). In the XIII century the blade of sword is lengthened and is strengthened its handle, which increases the impact force of this terrible weapon. In the XIV century were disseminated large swords - to 120-140 cm by length.
 
A. Yurasovskiy
"Russian armors X-XVII centurys".
Artist Vladimir Semenov.
© depictive skill ". Moscow. 1983

 
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